Namib, also known as Portuguese Namibe. It is the coastal desert in the region of the Southern part of Africa. It passes through the South Africa, Namibia, Angola part for more than 1200 mi (2000 km) away. It actually passes from the river name Olifants River that is there in the Western Cape of South Africa, and passes through the Carunjamba River in the Angola.
Who are the People of Namib?
It is to be said that the people of Namib came from the San that are gathered the plants from the coast, also they are involved in the hunt of the tsamma melon present in the interior and later on they drank the juice of it. It is heard that the Kaokoveld some kind of Herero still there to herd their cattle in the region of the Namib. There is also the saying about the Nama Khoikhoi is still graze their cattle on the Kuiseb River in the back of the river. But a sad truth is that most of the people moved from the desert and left it uninhabited.
In the Southern half of the desert, the steppes are often made up of different ranches that are run by the people belonging to Europe. They actually raise their sheep’s that are actually Karakul sheep with the help of locals. The pelts come from the sheep, which is used to make fur of coat sent to Europe. Most of the region of the desert is called the Sperrgebeit, and it is also the restricted area due to the presence of the diamonds. These diamonds are usually mined from the area of the present above the mouth of the river name “Orange river” . Although the desert is highly inacces and the population is very low. There are different kinds of settlements present in the region. Mocamedes present in the Angola and Swakopmund present in the Namibia that are also bordering the desert are included in one of those great settlements.
The climate part of the Namib is mainly the main reason why the environment is dry there. The dry climate reflects the complete dehydration of the bodies of the surface and habitat present there. All of the areas of the coast contain the interaction of the water laden, especially the interaction of the air that is coming from the sea via the Southerly part of the winds. Due to the presence of dry air, the desert, and the strongest coastal part of the desert, there are high chances of the fog in the area, and it most of the time makes the problem for the sailor and they lose their way.
Talking about the species of the Namib, they are most of them that are endemic and also highly adapted to the climate of the region of the land. The Bizzare, which is also called the Welwitschia mirabilis, is included in one of the most well-known species of the Namib. It is the kind of the plant that has taken long strap shaped leave and shape like shrub. It has the ability to survive in those worst conditions of the Namib where most of the fellow species can’t survive.
It is also said that the one of the Namibian German artist names Max Siedentopf created a kind of an installation in the area of the Namib that is actually considered of the ring of large blocks that are white in color, in which there is the mp3 players attached to the solar power configured it is continuously played the song ” Afrika ” in the year of 1982 by one of the most famous brand of America and their name is Toto. But, in research, it is never specified about the exact location of the installation.
In the most of the studies it is clearly written that the region of the Namib is almost completely uninhabited by the humans expect from the indigion minor groups and small group of settlements. These people are named as Obatjimba and ovahimba Herero they are usually present in the Northern region of the land and the Topnaar Nama present in the Central region of the desert. But on the other hand Namib is the homeland of most of the Endemic species.
Namib Naukluft National Park is one of the largest parks of the region of Namib where there is the support of the life of major species like mountain Zebras, African Bush Elephants and also other kind of mammals. There are some of the most special kind of species that can service in the homeland of the region of Namib.
It is one of the most interesting reality of the region of Namib that the species and human survived in the region are included in one of the rarest creature in the world as they survive in the one of the driest land of the world. The vast region of the Namib Desert is cold coastal desert present in the region of Southern Africa. The Namib word is actually derived from the word “Nama,” which means “there is nothing.”
Importance of region:
The land of the Namib is arid and is considered mostly uninhabited. Small groups of people survive there because of the importance of the presence of the trade route that cross the land and the presence of the mineral deposits, there is the area for the fisheries in the bordering of the sea and the increase of the recreational purpose of the increment in the utilization.
How do people survive there?
Just like the species of the desert, like plants and lions. The native of the region that are Himba and Herero people survive in a difficult and challenging situation. They used to survive on 100,000 odd once they used to live years ago, but now they upgrade their lifestyle and move to the breeding of the cattle and drink their milk and eat their meat. They also depend on the horticultural lifestyle. In short living there is such a challenging task for them.